Recently, the "1st Internet + Aluminum Industry Development Summit Forum" was held in Shanghai. Nearly 10 domestic and international aluminum experts and Internet cafes gathered and were supplied from three aspects: resource utilization, aluminum industry development, and the Internet and aluminum industry. Side structural reforms, resource recycling, and the use of the Internet to facilitate the development of the aluminum industry have been discussed. More than 300 government representatives, experts and scholars in the aluminum industry, and upstream and downstream companies in the aluminum industry have participated in the discussion.
Using Supply-side Structural Reform to Solve Aluminum Overcapacity
The issue of overcapacity is still one of the most prominent problems in the aluminum industry in China and even in the world. How to solve the problem of overcapacity in the aluminum industry, the vice president of the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association, Wenjun, believes that the structural reform of the supply side of the aluminum industry is based on the principle of meeting domestic demand, strictly controlling the new capacity of electrolytic aluminum, and nurturing Market, guide consumption, increase effective supply, and continuously expand the application of aluminum.
When it comes to the supply side, it has always advocated the expansion of consumption. According to the literature army, consumption and supply are two aspects of a key point. They are supply to the upstream and consumption to the downstream.
On the supply side, according to preliminary statistics, as of the end of April 2017, the national total electrolytic aluminum production capacity was 41.02 million tons (not including 1.23 million tons of permanent shutdowns in 2016). Among them, the operating capacity of 37.77 million tons, temporarily shut down 3.27 million tons. There are also more than 7 million tons of capacity under construction. Therefore, the top priority of the aluminum industry is firstly to take strict control of the newly-added electrolytic aluminum production capacity, which is to reduce the cost of competition; secondly, to continuously reduce the consumption of energy and raw materials to achieve cleaner production; and third, to strengthen technological innovation and increase Effective supply; Fourth, accelerate the pace of mergers and reorganizations, optimize the layout of productive forces; finally, we must standardize export order and actively respond to international trade frictions.
On the demand side, there is a certain difference between the overcapacity in the aluminum industry and other industries. At present, it seems that the peak of consumer consumption in the aluminum industry has not come yet and there is still a lot of room for growth. At the same time, aluminum's excellent performance and price advantage are in many areas. Competitive. Therefore, it is particularly important to cultivate the market and guide consumption. At the same time, we should strengthen upstream and downstream cooperation, carry out technical and applied research together, accelerate the formulation of new application standards for research and development, and secondly, continue to expand the application of aluminum by providing users with the most cost-effective products as the guiding ideology.
For many years, the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association has been working hard to expand the application of aluminum and promote the consumption of aluminum. Since 2012, the company has started to promote “aluminum substitute steel” in the transportation sector, “aluminum section copper” in the electric power field, “aluminum section wood” and “aluminum substitute steel” in the construction field, and has achieved very good results. In 2017, China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association will continue to promote the application of aluminum industry in more fields, such as the large-scale application and development of aluminum furniture and aluminum air batteries.
The level of integration of the two industries in the non-ferrous industry needs urgent improvement
Zhang Jian, director of the Internet Economics Research Office of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, proposed that the current level of integration of the nonferrous metals industry and the readiness of large enterprises for smart manufacturing are lower than those of other industries. Deepening and promoting the integration of the industry and the Internet The development of innovation is to promote the sustainable economic development of the nonferrous metal industry The urgent need for development.
“The level of equipment and process informationization is a key link to enhance product innovation capabilities, improve product quality, and ensure optimal control of the production process,” said Zhang Jian. Under the new normal economy, the traditional “troika” has changed the way the economy is driven, and the traditional kinetic energy has switched to the new kinetic energy to become an urgent need for economic development. To this end, the state has issued a series of related policies and clarified that manufacturing is the main body of the national economy and is the key link and main battlefield for the implementation of the "Internet Plus."
In recent years, with the rapid development of the level of information technology, companies are increasingly relying on new technologies, processes, equipment, and new technologies under the support of information technology in their product innovation capabilities. The company's basic automation is in the main production processes and processes. Application penetration has approached 100%. Information technology is also integrated into the production, management, marketing and other aspects of the non-ferrous metal industry. It has become an endogenous element of industrial equipment, industrial capabilities, industrial quality, and industrial activities in the non-ferrous metal industry, and has promoted the refinement and intensification of the industry. The management level has been greatly improved, which has improved the timely, efficient and scientific decision-making of enterprises.
How to promote the integration and innovation of the non-ferrous metals industry and the Internet? Zhang Jian suggested that the transformation of the platform should be taken as an important entry point for the transformation of the current economic development mode and the upgrading of the industrial structure, so that the scale, standardization, and specialization of the traditional industrial economy should be transformed into a personalized, dynamic, and collaborative transformation of the digital economy. Responsive to the rapid response to the era of digital economy as the core of the custom economy and sharing economy.
"In this process, it is necessary to promote the simultaneous upgrade of the main body, activity objects, and basic resource conditions, rely on the platform to realize product transactions, and promote R&D and design capabilities, measurement and inspection capabilities, manufacturing capabilities, and logistics capabilities," he said.
Finally, the precise matching of supply and demand will be implemented to promote the transition from a “pushing” supply chain to a “pull” supply chain, so as to enhance the power of sustained economic growth, promote the transformation of the production mode and organization mode of the non-ferrous metal industry, and enhance the ability of innovation and creativity of enterprises. The overall social productivity level jumped. Zhang Jian said.
The era of "100 industry touch nets" has come
“With the promotion of the national policy and the 'Internet+' wave, the entire Chinese economic market has moved toward the era of 'one hundred industries', and the deep integration of the aluminum industry + the Internet is also moving forward, gradually perfecting and mature.” Zhou Yufeng, general manager, said.
At present, China's Internet environment has matured, and the Internet+industry service concept has gradually infiltrated into people's lives. As the country’s efforts to promote energy and resource-saving society continue to increase, aluminum’s applications in the automotive lightweight, high-speed rail, aerospace and other fields are gradually increasing, “aluminum section copper”, “aluminum section wood” and “aluminum generation”. The application of steel will continue to expand and aluminum consumption will continue to grow. At the same time, there is still a gap between China's and developed countries in the aluminum industry's possession of resources, per capita consumption, etc. There are still great potentials for aluminum product applications and market space.
How to promote the integration of the Internet and the aluminum industry, Zhou Yufeng suggested that, first of all, the integrated industry needs a sound credit system to achieve effective resource integration; Second, when information and transactions achieve synergy, more demand immediately emerges, and information from vertical industries will emerge. Provide a platform to upgrade the service platform of the entire industry chain. Third, it should be noted that the new round of Internet competition is no longer merely a competition of individuals but a competition between the industrial chain and the ecosystem.